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Glossar

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Acharya
spiritual master

Adi Shankara, Shankaracharya
Indian philosopher, reformer of Advaita Vedanta

Advaita Vedanta
nondualistic Indian philosophy

Agni
Fire

Ahamkara
„maker of the I“ creates the ego, the imaginary personality

Ahimsa
nonviolence

Ajna Chakra
„wheel of command“ center of command, important concentration point

Ajnani
an unenlightened person

AQAL
short for „all quandrants all levels“

Arunachala
sacred mountain in southern India

Asamprajnata Samadhi
enlightenment, formless extinguishment, see Nirvikalpa Samadhi

Asana
seat, defined posture in Hatha Yoga

Ashram
place of endevour, quasi-monastic center of meditation

Atma Vichara
self-inquiry, method of meditation endorsed by Ramana Maharshi

Atman
the highest personal self

Aurobindo, Aurobindo Ghose
real name of Sri Aurobindo

Aurobindo's work
integral Yoga


Bhagavad Gita
Holy Scripture of the Hindus

Bhajan
mantras or prayers accompanied by music

Bhakti Yoga
the path of devotion

Buddha
literally „the awakened one“, historically: Siddharta Gautama

Buddhismus
teachings of the Buddha


Chakra
wheel, subtle energy centers

Concentration
Sanskrit: Dharana


Deity Yoga
spiritual stage of development, in which the divine is worshipped symbolically through various forms and deities

Descent of the Divine
experience of decent, particularly emphasized by Aurobindo

Dharana
sanskrit: concentation

Dhyana
focus on one point

Duality
state of „being seperate“


Enneagram
esoteric symbol, nine-pointed star

Enneagram work
working on the personality with the enneagram as a typology system

Enlightenment
experience of identity with God

Esoterism
secret doctrin

Evolution
steplike process of growth

Evolutionary leaps forward in development
the transitions between stages can occur personally, internally and / or collectively


Formless mysticism
see the same-titled menu point

Fulcrums
according to Wilber; transitions from one level of development to the next


Ganesha
sanskrit: „the lord of the flock“, hindu deity with an elephant head

Goal of Yoga
Sanskrit: Kaivalya

Guru
sanskr.: spiritual teacher

Gurukul
sanskr.: family (in the sense of teacher and disciples living side-by-side)


Hatha Yoga
a system of cleansing exercises and physical exercises as a preperation for meditation

Hathayoga-Pradipika
important fundamental work of Hatha Yoga

Hatha-Yoga variants
diversely arranged physical exercises, sometimes combined with breathing techniques, that stem from Hatha Yoga


Integral Yoga, and Integralyoga
see the second menu point „integral yoga“

Integral Theory
form of philosophy (Sri Aurobindo, Ken Wilber and Jean Gebser)

IPA
short for „Integrale Persönlichkeits Arbeit“; integral work on the peronsality

IY2.0
short for Integralyoga2.0


Jnana Yoga
the path of knowledge

Joga
different spelling of Yoga


Kaivalya
goal of Yoga

Karma Yoga
the path of action

Kencho
japanese „seeing your own nature“

Ken Wilber
see menu point „gallery“

Kirtan
devotional singing of mantras

Krishna
literally „black“, a deity form in Hinduism

Kriya Yoga
here: a combination of Raja Yoga with a special form of Kundalini Yoga

Kundalini
divine primal force in man

Kundalini Yoga
path of energy


Lines
term from Integral Theory for different competencies of development


Mantra
powerful word

Mantra Yoga
the path of reciting sacred syllables

Meditation
see Dhyana, focus on one point

Meister Eckhart
christian mystic

Mirra Alfassa
most important disciple of Sri Aurobindo

Modern forms of Yoga
see menu point „Yoga“

Modern trends in Yoga
see menu point „Yoga“

Mystic
sankrit: „perfekt human being“, someone who is self-realized, see Siddha

Mysticism
the essence of spiritual teachings


Natur mysticism
the goal is to merge with nature; shamanism, Hatha Yoga

New Age
alternative movement, originated in the 1960s

Nondual mysticism
see menu point „formless mysticism“

Nirvana
liberation from he cycle of rebirths

Nirvikalpa Samadhi
enlightenment, formless extinguishment


Parabhakti
special form of formless mysticism

Paramatman
Brahman, God

Patanjali
writer of the Yogasutras

Physical exercise
seat, defined posture in Hatha Yog, see Asana

Pondicherry
former French colony in India, domicile of Sri Aurobino

Prakriti
Samsara, the world of forms

Prana
vital energy

Pranayama
„mastering of vital energy“ yogic breathing techniques

Purusha
Atman – highest personal self


Quadrants
term from Integral Theory according to Ken Wilber


Raja Yoga
path of mastery over the mind

Ramana Maharshi
see menu point „gallery“

Rise
spiritual paths, that renounce the worldly life


Sadhana
spiritual practice

Sadhu
wandering ascetic

Sahaja Samadhi
great liberation

Samadhi
superconscious state, burial place of a Yogi

Samsara
the world of forms

Sangha
gathering, community; being with the master

Satori
japanese: „to unterstand“, enlightenment

Satsang
being with the master, togetherness of seekers

Savikalpa-Samadhi (a.: Sarvikalpa)
meditative state, in which duality is not yet fully abolished

Self-actualization
defined differently depending on the context, here: Nirvikalpa Samadhi; great actualization: Sahaja Samadhi

Self-inquiry
self-inquiry, method of meditation endorsed by Ramana Maharshi

Self-perfection
term charactarized by Sri Aurobindo, working on your self

Self-realization
enlightenment

Shadow
unconscious aspects of the personility

Shadow work
revelation of unconscious aspects of the personality

Shiva
hinduistic term a) part of the divine trinity b) synonym for God

Siddha
sanskr.: „perfect human being“, someone who has attained self-realization

Sri Aurobindo
see menu point „gallery“

Stages
see Ken Wilber, stages of development

Synthesis of Yoga
work of Aurobindo


Tagore, Rabindranath
indian poet, Yogi

Tiruvannamalai
town by the Arunachala in India


Union with the divine
Merging with the divine - experience of identity with God, see Enlightenment

Uphadis
sanskr.: „wrappers“,veils that „enclose“ human consciousness

Uphanishads
Holy Scripture of the Hindus


Yoga
yoke, merging with the absolute

Yoga forms/ basic forms of Yoga
see menu point „Yoga“

Yoga master
someone who has experienced Yoga and passes it on

Yoga practices
defined, systematic techniques

Yoga practise
Sanskrit: Sadhana

Yoga trends
see menu points „Yoga“

Yogasutra
most important work of Raja Yoga


Zen Buddhism
special form of formless mysticism

Zen Master
spiritual master, who teaches Zen

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